Both options looked pretty similar to me- nice bulbs in a mesh packaging. One had 3 bulbs in it, the other 5. The 3 bulb (115g) option however, was $4.99. The 5 bulb offering looked a touch whiter and was only $1.29. Given the low involvement nature of this purchase, I instinctively selected the $1.29 pack. After all, garlic is garlic, right? And whiter is better too, right?
But, in the produce section, I paused for a minute. The big price gap had gotten the better of me so I had to go back to check the labels more carefully. Closer inspection of the labels revealed different countries-of-origin. The $1.29 garlic was produced in China; the $4.99 pack was grown locally. On a per gram basis, the Canadian grown garlic is 10 times as expensive as the Chinese competitor.
Chinese country-of-origin plays a positive role for a bunch of product categories- from jade to alternative medicines; from fireworks to efficient production processes. Chinese country of origin is a detriment to food, however. For many consumers, China is a real downer when it comes to food safety. The country suffers from food safety scandals, lax regulations, and questionable labelling.
I didn't want to eat something bad, so I did a quick Google search to check on how the Chinese garlic industry was doing. The first report I saw was from a 10 year veteran of the garlic space. She wrote of her visits to Chinese farms and described uninspected farms, abusive child labor practices, intentionally mislabeled boxes (e.g. Product of Uzbekistan to bypass US Department of Commerce anti-dumping duty assessed on garlic produced in China), and garlic "cleansing" in cloudy sulfite solutions to give the garlic a bright white hue (so it looks good for international purchasers). This reinforced the worst of food production of "Made in China".
Needless to say, I purchased the good ol' made-in Canada garlic. I didn't mind paying 10 times the price.
If I were the local grower of any Canadian made veggie or fruit that was competing with Chinese produce, I would make damn good and sure that I was emphasizing my Canadian country of origin.